1000–1350 CE). The meander bend containing the Mound Bottom site was farmed for nearly a century prior to its purchase by the State of Tennessee, and as a result historic plowing has altered the original size and shape of the mounds surrounding the main plaza. 30 Days of Tennessee Archaeology, Day 14: The 2014 Tennessee Archaeology Awareness Month Poster! [12], View of the central plaza and platform mound at Mound Bottom, from May's Mace Bluff, Michael C. Moore, David H. Dye, and Kevin E. Smith, "WPA Excavations at the Mound Bottom and Pack Sites in Middle Tennessee, 1936-1940." In 1838 the the mound was measured as being 69 feet tall, and 295 feet in diameter. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area web site. The results of those excavations were published in 2012 in the journal Southeastern Archaeology. Self-guided interpretive signs are posted at most sites. The Mound Bottom site is owned and protected by the State of Tennessee and included on the National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service’s program to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archaeological resources. As Mound Bottom’s influence extended it supplanted or subsumed various small, local chiefdoms, while simultaneously incorporating aspects of regional cultural traditions. Kuttruff and O'Brien tested six mounds and 19 houses. It can only be visited by signing up for a ranger led tour. It consists of a large Mississippian civic or ceremonial center with a number of earthen temple mounds dating to the Late Prehistoric Period (AD 900-1350).Access: Montgomery Bell State Park is open daily, hiking permit required. Madira Bickel Mound State Archaeological Site is Florida’s first state archaeological site, protected since 1948. Mound Bottom is situated on a horseshoe bend of the Harpeth River at the river's confluence with Mound Creek, which approaches the riverbank opposite the site from the east. The late prehistoric Native American culture of the Nashville Basin has been referenced in older and non-scholarly sources as being either the Mound Builders or the Stone Graves Race. 1000–1350 CE). In May 2011, Illinois State Archaeological Survey (ISAS) personnel encountered a large area of unusual fills at the East St. Louis Mound Complex (11S706) during excavations for the new Mississippi River Bridge (NMRB) project. Site access is prohibited without accompaniment by park rangers or the Tennessee Division of Archaeology. In 1948, Madira Bickel Mound State Archaeological Site became Florida’s first state archeological site. A Preliminary Assessment of Mississippian Settlement in the Little Harpeth River Watershed: The Inglehame Farm Site (40WM342) Revisited; The Copper Creek Site (40SU317): A Multicomponent Mortuary Site in Goodlettsville, Sumner County, Tennessee [7] This regional culture was first defined in the 1970s based on distinctive mortuary offerings and the presence of stone box burials, and has since been refined using ceramic typologies [8] A recent reassessment of the Middle Cumberland Mississippian by Moore and Smith [7] resulted in a revised chronology and new understanding of Mound Bottom's placement in the regional cultural sequence. [1], In 1972, the State of Tennessee purchased the Mound Bottom site to preserve it as a state archaeological area. The Adena are credited with being the first group of Mound Builders in North America, having emerged at about 1000 B.C. Guided tours by reservation only, from November to March. In 1936, 1937, and 1940 the University of Tennessee conducted excavations at both Mound Bottom and the Pack Site under the auspices of the Works Progress Administration. In the late 1860s, Joseph Jones of the Smithsonian Institution investigated several prehistoric sites in Tennessee, and reported "extraordinary aboriginal works" at Mound Bottom. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is an ancient Native American mound … Bare Earth DEM processed by Zada Law. Visitors can see a piece of the living history by visiting the park’s main attraction, the Native American mound. However, emerging evidence suggests that regional climate shifts and particularly a multi-generational drought may have exacerbated political instability. While some smaller mound centers in the Middle Cumberland continued to be active after 1350 CE, settlements in the region largely shifted away from mound centers and to fortified village sites. The state did purchase the land in the 1970's and removed trees growing into the mounds and embankment. The Tennessee Division of Archaeology dispatched Carl Kuttruff and Michael O'Brien to conduct excavations at Mound Bottom in 1974 and 1975. Archaeological Expeditions of the Peabody Museum in Middle Tennessee, 1877-1884. The mounds, which consists of earthwork platform and burial mounds, a central plaza, and habitation areas, was occupied between approximately 1000 and 1300 AD. The Link Farm State Archaeological Area (40 HS 6), also known as the Duck River Temple Mounds or Duck River Site, is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located at the confluence of the Duck and Buffalo Rivers south of Waverly in Humphreys County, Tennessee. The specific factors which brought about the end of the Mississippian period in the Middle Cumberland remain the subject of ongoing investigation. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is an ancient Native American mound center in Cheatham County, Tennessee that dates to the Mississippian period of regional prehistory (ca. Major occupations at Mound Bottom ended by around 1350 CE, at a time when the Middle Cumberland region witnessed an overall decentralization of political authority. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is under the management of Harpeth River State Park. In order to protect and preserve this unique resource, access to Mound Bottom is prohibited without permission of the Harpeth River State Park or Tennessee Division of Archaeology. Drone footage of Mound Bottom courtesy of Harpeth River State Park and Hawkeye Media. The site core includes at least 12 earthen mounds oriented around a 7-acre plaza within a meander bend of the Harpeth River. Mound Bottom is a prehistoric Native American complex located in Kingston Springs. George E. Lankford, "Regional Approaches to Iconographic Art." 12/14/2020 . Due to structural similarities in the mounds and ceramic chronologies, these sites are believed to have been contemporaneous.[1]. Archaeological evidence suggests most of these mounds were originally flat-topped and, like Mound A, built to support structures on their summits. Archaeology provides a glimpse into the lives of past peoples and histories that may have otherwise been forgotten. A gloomy day view of Mound Bottom, a state owned archaeological area, lies in a horseshoe bend of the Harpeth River. Mound Bottom is situated on a … The Mound Bottom site was acquired by the State of Tennessee in 1973, and today is managed as part of the Harpeth River State Park. Mound A was constructed in at least four stages beginning around 1000 CE, and would have originally supported one or more structures on its summit. In, U.S. National Register of Historic Places, Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, 30 Days of Tennessee Archaeology, Day 13: A Visit to Mound Bottom, Mound Bottom: Archaeological Treasures in Cheatham County, An Example of Intentional Late Prehistoric Dental Mutilation from Middle Tennessee. Tennessee state archaeologist P.E. A.D. 1000) by individuals from outside the region. [7], Early Tennessee historian John Haywood noted Mound Bottom's importance as an aboriginal site in 1823, and early settlers reported seeing large fortifications and towers at the site. Mound Key Archaeological State Park is an archaeological island managed directly by Koreshan State Historic Site. [2][10], By A.D. 1350, Mound Bottom and Pack appear to have been abandoned as a major centers, and while mound building and repair ceased, both sites continued to be used as burial locations. Mound Bottom is now designated as Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area and is under the management of the Harpeth River State Park. Although it saw occasional small-scale reuse after that time, Mound Bottom would never again be intensively occupied. Michael C. Moore, Emanuel Breitburg, Kevin E. Smith, and Mary Beth Trubitt. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is an ancient Native American mound center in Cheatham County, Tennessee that dates to the Mississippian period of regional prehistory (ca. Shortly after this point, population in the Middle Cumberland region of Tennessee seems to decline rapidly, and Mississippian occupations largely vanish from the area by 1425 CE. The Pack Site is located on private property approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southwest of Mound Bottom, just south of US-70, and is not open for visitation. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area is located along the Harpeth River in Cheatham County, and includes one of the largest Mississippian period archaeological sites in Middle Tennessee. According to early historical reports the Mound Bottom complex was surrounded by an earthen wall topped with a palisade of upright logs. [3][4] The mound summit was originally accessed via a ramp or staircase located at the midpoint of the eastern face. Sellars Farm Site (), also known as the Sellars Farm State Archaeological Area and Sellars Indian Mound, is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located in Wilson County, Tennessee near Lebanon.The platform mound was the site of a settlement from about 1000 to 1300 CE. One Hundred Years of Archaeology at Gordontown: A Fortified Mississippian Town in Middle Tennessee. The main site area was purchased by the State of Tennessee in 1973, and in 2005 became part of the Harpeth River State Park. 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